Community-Led Minigrids

Growing rural electrification and development efforts across sub-Saharan Africa increasingly include minigrids as a key component. Minigrids—self-contained energy generation and distribution systems, which usually operate at the community scale—have the potential to dramatically improve community-scale livelihoods, economics, and productivity; drive health outcomes; and support a shift to cleaner energy.

RMI’s Sharing the Power project will develop minigrid projects across sub-Saharan Africa to demonstrate the impact of community-led design on project outcomes, with support from the Dutch Postcode Lottery. We hope to integrate some of these projects into countries’ existing minigrid programs, to support ongoing efforts while testing a unique and scalable approach that models the development potential and financial sustainability of minigrid projects.


We define community-led minigrids as those that are designed in close partnership with the host community and account for local dynamics to address perceived challenges and development goals. In practice, community-led minigrids can have a variety of ownership structures that could include a stake for the community cooperative, government, private developer, utility, or others. Community-led projects  can implement innovative customer acquisition and management processes and more easily tailor the project to local needs.

Sharing the Power will test the community-led approach by assessing five preliminary hypotheses:

  1. Community-led minigrids can provide long-lasting and appropriate electricity in Africa.
  2. Minigrids with communal ownership structures can demonstrate financially sustainable O&M over the project’s lifetime.
  3. Community-led minigrids are cost-competitive with other models of minigrid development and operation.
  4. Minigrids developed based on existing social and political structures result in greater community engagement and higher collections efficiency, and can sustain for longer, in each community.
  5. Community leadership of minigrid projects drives local economic growth and diversification.


To support community-led minigrid pilots, we seek a set of partners who, through a collaborative approach, can provide the following skills:

  • Significant community knowledge and local engagement expertise to facilitate site selection, community engagement, and a community-led design process
  • Expertise on productive uses of electricity who can provide training and support community development of a productive use program
  • Ability to design and build minigrid systems with community input
  • Experience operating and maintaining minigrid systems
  • Experience building technical capacity with rural communities
  • Ability to support project development through co-finance

Work With Us


Project Updates

Sharing the Power project updates from the team

RMI Resources

Sharing the Power: Community-Led Minigrids

Nigeria Concept Note

Sharing the Power: Community-Led Minigrids

Ethiopia Concept Note

Reliable and Affordable Electricity for Nigeria: Growing the Minigrid Market


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Using Undergrid Minigrids to Drive Development in Thousands of Sub-Saharan African Communities


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Undergrid mini-grids on the cards for Nigeria

ESI Africa

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DPL Sharing the Power Proposal

Proposal for the community minigrid program

The solution to Nigeria’s big electricity problem lies in thinking small


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Our Team

Sachi Graber
Senior Associate

zihe meng headshot

Zihe Meng
Senior Associate

Kelly Carlin


Project Sponsor